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It applies to the capital expenditure incurred by a person on the construction of an industrial building to be used in a business carried out by them or their lessee. This allowance is claimed by the person who incurred the capital expenditure i.e. the owner of the building and the building must be used for the purpose of the business only so as to enjoy the industrial building deduction.
It is granted on a straight line basis on the balance of constructions.The applicable rates are as follows:
i) Industrial Building-2.5% capital deduction applicable within the first Forty (40) years of operation.
ii) Hotels - 10% capital deduction applicable within the first 10 years of operation
iii) Hostels and Educational Buildings certified by the commissioner - 50% capital deduction for the first 2 years of operation. These buildings include; Laboratory, Workshops, Accommodation halls, classrooms, dining halls/cafeteria, other halls for use by the students, administration building, sporting facilities and staff quarters.
iv) Building in uses for training of film producers, actors or crew - 100% capital deduction.
iv) Rental residential building approved by the minister in a planned developed area - 25% capital deduction.
v)Commercial building- 25% capital deduction in a developed area.
2. Farm Works Deductions
This refers to expenditure by the owner or tenant of agricultural land on construction of farm works.
Farmhouse- Allow 1/3 of the expenditure on one house. Employee houses qualify.
Any other immovable buildings for the proper operation of the farm deduct 100% of the whole amount.
3. Wear and Tear Deductions
This is an allowance that is granted to the investor to cater for wear and tear on machinery.
a)Categories &Applicable Rates
Class I @ 37.5%
Heavy earth moving self-propelling equipment such as:
Carterpillars, tippers, lorries of 3 tonnes and above, tractors (heed, Train, Engine head, buses and coaches, loaders, rollers and graders, transport trucks, combine harvesters, mobile cranes and forklifts etc.
Class II @ 30%
Office electronic machinery and equipments e.g. computers and its peripherals, computer printers, scanners and processors, calculators, mobile phones, photocopiers, stamping and franking/fax machines, duplicating machines, photo printers, cash registers, tax registers.
Class III @ 25%
Other self-propelling machines such as motor bikes, saloon cars and hatchbacks, tutuk, pick-ups and delivery vans, aircrafts, minibuses (nissans included), lorries < 3 tonnes.
Class IV @ 12.5%
Other non-self-propelling machine such as;
Ship, Bicycles, Wheelbarrow, lifts & conveyor belts, carpets and curtains, partitions in a building, shelves, safes, sign boards and advertising stands, furniture and fittings, plant and machinery, security and alarm systems fixed in a car, tractor trailer, train coaches, milking machinery, beds in a hotel, a plough and lawn mowers, refrigerator, T.V, non-self-propelling forklifts and cranes, boats and petroleum pipeline.
Computer Software and for Telecommunication equipment its 20% for five years on a straight line basis
4. Investment Deductions
This is a deduction granted on cost of a building and machinery installed therein as an incentive to encourage investments.
Investments situated within Nairobi, Mombasa and Kisumu - 100% investment allowance
Investments worth 200 Million Kenya shillings situated outside Nairobi, Mombasa, Kisumu attract a 150% investment allowance
Investment Deduction-Manufacturing Under Bond- For production of export goods under bonded warehouses
Shipping Allowance - applies to the purchase of a new and unused power driven ship of more than 125 tons gross or the purchase and subsequent refitting for the purpose of that business of a used power-driven ship of more than 125 tons- 100% investment deduction
Licensed EPZ projects( foreign, local or joint venture) are entitled to the following incentives :
10 year corporate income tax holiday and a 25% tax rate for a further 10 years thereafter (except for EPZ commercial enterprises)
10 year withholding tax holiday on dividends and other remittances to non-resident parties (except for EPZ commercial licence enterprises)
Perpetual exemption from VAT and customs import duty on inputs – raw materials, machinery, office equipment, certain petroleum fuel for boilers and generators, building materials, other supplies. VAT exemption also applies on local purchases of goods and services supplied by companies in the Kenyan customs territory or domestic market. Motor vehicles which do not remain within the zone are not eligible for tax exemption.
Perpetual exemption from payment of stamp duty on legal instruments
100% investment deduction on new investment in EPZ buildings and machinery, applicable over 20 years.
Other benefits of investing in EPZS include:
Operation under essentially one licence issued by EPZA. EPZA seeks to minimize bureaucracy and administrative procedures and facilitate licensing, set up and operations of EPZ projects.
Rapid Project approval and licencing (with exception of projects requiring environmental licence from National Environmental Management Agency NEMA)
liberalised foreign exchange regime and easy repatriation of capital and profits, access to foreign currency accounts, domestic and offshore borrowing.
Onsite customs documentation and inspection by Customs Staff. All zones have a resident Customs office for on-site customs documentation and clearance.
Unrestricted investment by foreigners
EPZAS provide One Stop Shop service for facilitation and aftercare
All zones are built to exacting international standards and provide facilities suited to export production
Serviced land and ready factory buildings are available for sale or lease to licensed EPZ companies. Water, sewerage, electricity, all weather roads and an illuminated perimeter fence or wall are standard requirement for zones.
Zone developers provide 24 hour security, street lighting, landscaping and street cleaning services in the zones. Private garbage collection firms are retained do dispose of normal office waste.
Office premises and storage warehouses are available for lease in most zones.